Jews

9,000 Photos from 1800’s British Mandate of Palestine – with no trace of ‘Palestinians’


Where ARE all those Palestinians, the proclaimed one million of them who lived in Israel before they were ‘displaced’?

Nowhere.

Nowhere, because they never existed.

And where are all the mosques for those “1 million Palestinians”? With Muslims comes mosques. There can be no Muslim population without a large proportion of mosques. If they had been 1 million at the turn of the Century, or even in 1920 after they began immigrating to fight the British, with their rapid population growth Palestine would consist of over 40 million people today and not 4 million. That alone proves the Palestinian jihad lies. Their population is small because they are new invaders and occupiers who arrived late with an aim to commit jihad. They never lost land that was never theirs to begin with!

The British army permitted merely a few Ottomans to remain due to religious observations, the rest was Jewish. In reality according to eyewitness reports the barren British Mandate had a very small number of people living on it. Félix Bonfils (1831-1885) was a French photographer and writer who was active in the Middle East. Four years after his arrival he reported 15,000 prints of Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Greece, and 9,000 stereoscopic-views. He traveled to the region several times and we hear of no mass population of Palestinians, which contradicts everything the Palestinians lie about to the world.

His pictures did not manage to capture any photographs of a single so-called ‘Palestinian’ who are suppose to have lost land to Jewish occupation, if we believe Arab propaganda. All he found was a few bedouines passing through and some remnants of the Ottoman Turks. Guess why? Because the “Palestinian” people as we know them today never existed.

The original philistines which the Arab jihadi’s named themselves after were a small group of lawless bandits who occupied the region near Gaza by force and died out before the birth of Christ. Islam was created over 600 years after the death of Christ and is the world’s youngest religion.

Palestinians are a fake creation ordered and constructed by the Grand Mufti Haj Mohammed Effendi Amin el-Husseini [1889-1974]. They were basically discovered (formed and invented) and originate from mass immigration from Egypt and Saudi Arabia with purpose to commit jihad. The Egyptian fighters ended up in Gaza and the Saudi fighters ended up in the West Bank according to their rout of entry.

This has been well documented by British government reports from the British Mandate and from Transjordan. It also fits the video clips and rants by Hamas leaders, who seem well aware that Palestinians are fake yet continue to argue that they ‘lost land’. We are dealing with a terrorist organization here, and not a people who became victims of loss of land.

It is also important to pay attention to the fact that once Israel had been assigned to be returned  to the Jewish people in 1917, Muslims rapidly began to pour into the region from other countries with a purpose to kill them. The first conflict and killing in Israel/Palestine was initiated by the Muslims. At that point to control the population influx the British government stopped Jewish people from entering the area. So for a short span, the Muslim population suddenly became a majority. Not for natural reasons but due to their rapid invasion and occupation. Therefore, if we look at timeline of events in history we will quite easily see that the REAL occupiers of the region are the Muslims.



755px-Birket_Israel,_19th_centuryFélix Bonfils (1831-1885): Birket, Israel in late 1800’s.
File:Jews at Western Wall by Felix Bonfils, 1870s.jpgFélix Bonfils (1831-1885): Jews at the Western wall in 1870.
Yessayi Garabedian, the Armenian Patriarch in Jerusalem, Felix BonfilsFélix Bonfils (1831-1885): Yessayi Garabedian, the Armenian Patriarch in Jerusalem.
Felix Bonfils, Modern Jericho
Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): W.C. Prime 1857 in “Tent Life in the Holy Land”
Felix Bonfils, Solomons pools
Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): From Thomas Shaw, Travels and Observations Relating to Several Parts of Barbary and the Levant, London, 1767, S. 331 ff.

Dome-of-the-Rock-1875
Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): Dome of the Rock 1875 (Where are all the “Palestinians” in their so-called displaced and occupied holiest site?). The Dome of the Rock was originally a Jewish synagogue, and later, a Christian cathedral but was conquered and occupied by Muslims who converted it to a mosque. The entire region was bathing in blood from the Muslim conquest.

Israeli Man Riding a Donkey
Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): Israeli man riding a donkey


Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): Grinding corn in Jerusalem c. 1870

Felix Bonfils, Entry of Pilgrims into Bethlehem at Christmas time, Palestine, 1867-1885.</p> <p> Source: Library of Congress
Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): Entry of Pilgrims into Bethlehem at Christmas time, Palestine c. 1870

Félix Bonfils (1831-1885): Women pray at the Western wall in Jerusalem in 1899.

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Bonfils,_Félix_(1831-1885)_-_766_Gardien_du_tombeau_des_rois_et_sa_famille

Bonfils and other historic records do mention that an occasional Arab bedouines would pass through the ‘barren land’ to reach other destinations but they would not stay. There is no mention anywhere, ever, of a “Palestinian” people with permanent settlement in the British Mandate.

Dome of the Rock
Félix_Bonfils._The_Pool_of_Hezekiah._1894

Félix_Bonfils_(French)_-_Femmes_de_Siloé,_Palestine_-_Google_Art_Project

Felix_Bonfils-Road_to_Bethlehem

Gihon Valley Palestine

The Garden of Gethsemane
The Garden of Gethsemane, general view by F?lix Bonfils ca. 1885. This is an original vintage Albumen print on a thin sheet of paper with sepia color and slightly glossy surface, signed in the negative (within a red circle). Showing a view overlooking from the temple mount of Jerusalem towards Mount of Olives. In the center the Garden of Gethsemane and Kidron Valley. Above the garden, is the Eastern Russian Orthodox Church of St. Maria Magdalena inaugurated in 1888. On the left is the tomb of the Virgin Mary and the Church Of The Assumption. Size: 28 X 22 cm (11 x 8.5 inches). This photograph is documented in the list of Felix Bonfils Photographs (“Die Provincia Arabia”), in the Department of Rare Books, Princeton University Library, Box 6, File 25, and Photograph No. 303. (http://libweb2.princeton.edu/rbsc2/aids/msslist/maindex.htm).
Jerusalem-II
Mur-des-Juifs-un-vendredi

St. Stephen’s Gate Jerusalem circa 1870. This is an original vintage Albumen print on a thin sheet of paper with sepia color and slightly glossy surface, depicting the gate known as St Stephen’s in the eastern wall surrounding the old city of Jerusalem. This gate is also known as the Lions gate because of the decorations to the right and left of the gate. These are actually panthers which were the symbols of Baibars (1223 –1277 CE). Baibars was the first Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He defeated the crusaders who came to defend their Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 8th and 9th crusades. Saint Stephen was an early follower of Jesus. He was stoned to death in the mid 4th century CE and is considered the first martyr. Tradition puts the act of stoning outside this eastern gate, hence its name. In this picture we see that the path to the gate is slightly barred by earth. This was cleared around 1880. Inside the gate are Ottoman soldiers. This is an unsigned picture in relatively good condition with only minute foxing. there are some tears to the top and top right sides.

Porte St Etienne St. Stephen's Gate Bonfils circa 1880

Porte St Etienne St. Stephen’s Gate Bonfils circa 1880. This is an original vintage Albumen print on a thin sheet of paper pasted on cardboard with sepia color and slightly glossy surface, numbered 273, depicting the gate known as St Stephen’s in the eastern wall surrounding the old city of Jerusalem. This gate is also known as the Lions gate because of the decorations to the right and left of the gate. These are actually panthers which were the symbols of Baibars (1223 –1277 CE). Baibars was the first Mamluk Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He defeated the crusaders who came to defend their Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 8th and 9th crusades. Saint Stephen was an early follower of Jesus. He was stoned to death in the mid 4th century CE and is considered the first martyr. Tradition puts the act of stoning outside this eastern gate, hence its name. This is an unsigned picture by Bonfils in very good condition with no foxing.
Tomb of David on Mount Zion
Jerusalem Mosque of Omar [a confiscated synagogue that had been converted into a mosque) by Felix Bonfils ca. 1870. This is an original vintage Albumen print on a thin sheet of paper with sepia color and slightly glossy surface, signed in the negative (within a red circle). The picture shows the Dome of the Rock that is also called the Mosque of Omar. It was built in 691 AD by the Khalif Abd El Malik on the rocky top of Mount Moriah about 600 years after the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple. It was named after the Khalif Omar who captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Christians in 638. In close proximity to the Dome of the Rock are three Ottoman freestanding qubbas (small domed structures) these qubbas are all single-unit buildings, their domes supported by six or eight open arches. With view looking south, to the left of the Dome of the Rock is the Dome of the Chain. To the right are the small Dome of the Prophet and the larger Dome of the Miraj. Size: 28 X 22 cm (11 x 8.5 inches). This photograph is documented in the list of Felix Bonfils Photographs (“Die Provincia Arabia”), in the Department of Rare Books, Princeton University Library, Box 19, File 9, and Photograph No. 278. (http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/brunnow.html).
Vallée de Josaphat, by Felix Bonfils ca. 1870
Vallée de Josaphat, by Felix Bonfils ca. 1870. Photo number 290. This is an original vintage Albumen print on a thin sheet of paper with sepia color and slightly glossy surface, signed in the negative, showing the northen entrance to the valley of Jehosaphat, or Kidron Valley. The road on the left is the road to Jerico which passes through Betheny. Above and below the road many tombstoens are visible. This is the Jewish cemetry on Mount of Olives. The monument in the middle is called Absalom’s Tomb after king David’s son. There are various monuments of this sort in the valley all dating from the 2nd or 1st centuries BCE. This photograph is documented in the list of Felix Bonfils Photographs in the Department of Rare Books, Princeton University Library, Box 6, folder 15. (http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/getEad?id=ark:/88435/sj1391972#series1subseriesE). The prolific photographer Félix Bonfils was born on 8 March 1831 in France. In 1867 he moved to Beirut with his wife Lydie (b. 1837), and son Adrien (b. 1861) and set up a photographic studio. Bonfils published many albums focusing on specific regions or themes from various sites along the eastern Mediterranean. Bonfils died in 1885.

361 thoughts on “9,000 Photos from 1800’s British Mandate of Palestine – with no trace of ‘Palestinians’

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      • Since the Temple had been destroyed 600 years earlier, claiming that the Dome of the Rock is originally a confiscated synagogue is ridiculous. And that’s just one of the more obvious distortions in this piece.

      • It was the SECOND temple that was destroyed 70 CE by the Romans, who built a temple to Jupiter on the site. During the Byzantine era, Jerusalem was primarily Christian, and pilgrims came by the tens of thousands to experience the first church of Christianity and places where Jesus walked.

        Jerusalem was recaptured by Saladin on 2 October 1187, and the Dome of the Rock was reconsecrated as a Muslim shrine. The cross on top of the dome was replaced by the Islamic crescent, and a wooden screen was placed around the rock below.

      • I am strongly pro-Israel but I have to agree that they way the Dome of the Rock (mislabeled as the Mosque of Omar which is down the hill ext to the Holy Sepulcher) is described in the article is inaccurate and detracts from the credibility of the article.

        Yes, it was built on the site of the ancient Jewish temple, but between the destruction of the temple in the year 70 and the building of the shrine, there had been a temple of Jupiter and a Christian church on the site. The Arabic inscription around it is anti-Christian – It doesn’t even mention Jews. There was, in addition to the temple, a synagogue on the site according to Mishna Kiddushin so the most I would concede as possible is that, since the rubble of the Temple complex was used in the construction of the subsequent structures, some of the stone could theoretically have been from an ancient synagogue, but even that is a stretch.

      • You’re challenge to those semantics is accurate. But a more salient point is, why build over an ancient holy site? The intent behind building on that location drives home the more salient point – to exert dominance and erase previous history. We don’t know if Muslims knew of the significance of that history, but it’s not a stretch to assume they likely did.

      • Actually, and I say this as ex-muslima, and with all respect, there’s no such thing as a fanatic Islamic. In Islam, they say, “there is only Islam.” Islam does actually teach all the things that ISIS lives by. The Quran and Hadiths, in fact, instruct followers to do things you wouldn’t believe. So truly, ppl like ISIS aren’t fanatics. They’re simply good Muslims. Wretched human beings…. But Mohammed would be proud.
        And this also goes for the mentality that created the “palestinian.” That word… That ppl… That nation… Was created out of a 1400 year old bigotry. Many innocent muslim babies are corrupted by this indoctrination. So much so that they lied about their own heritage to their own children & grandchildren & to the rest of the world. Those who call themselves palestinians use it as a tool to commit genocide on innocent Israelis.

      • Dear dani542, You are so right and courageous to write what you wrote. And you wrote the words of truth. Please read what I attach here.
        More than 15 years ago I made a short presentation on two UN organizations dealing with refugees. UNHCR organization caring for refugees from around the world. And UNRWA organization who cares for Arab refugees who fought against the Jewish state – Israel.

        Here is also a page of the changes made to UNRWA’s refugee definition in recent years after I published the presentation. Today you will not find on the site of the organization the whole definition at all.
        http://www.art-gallery-yona.net/Refugees-Definition.html
        Out of the work on the presentation I learned that the UN through UNRWA, which is used as an arm of the United Nations, promotes violence, is a factor for not resolving the conflict and transmits and stores actual war material against Israel.
        Is this not a crime against humanity?
        Without UNRWA, there would not exist “Palestinian refugees.”
        Without UNRWA, there would not be the requirement of the “right of return”.
        Without UNRWA, all the refugees in the world would receive the same conditions and the same treatment.
        Without UNRWA, there would not exist in the eternal warfare between Israel and the Arabs of Israel.
        UNRWA is an organization that had to be closed 66 years ago. So why is it still exists? Who and why prevents the closing of this criminal organization?
        Alan Dershowitz at Durban Conference

        What does the UN teach Palestinian children at UNRWA schools?

        Let’s talk about occupation.
        Because what is happening now in Israel will happen in your countries. Therefore, you should know about that.
        Everyone who talks about the oppression of the Palestinians. Some historical information would not hurt.
        The Arabs are Not Palestinians! The real Palestinians are Not of Arab origin.
        Do you know who are those who stole the Palestinian identity?
        Do you know that the largest mosque in Gaza was a synagogue less than a hundred years ago? Did you know that a hundred and fifty years ago, most of Gaza’s population was Jews and Christians? The Jewish population in Gaza ended with the pogrom of 1928. The last Christian Priest murdered three years after Hamas came to power. And recently, Christians in Gaza are forced to convert to Islam. Just like ISIS do it anywhere which they occupy.
        Please read this short article and visit all the links to get more information..
        http://www.art-gallery-yona.net/demogra-eng.html

        And this article written by Ben-Dror Yemini: Nakba Day and the Fraud
        http://www.mideasttruth.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=9798

        And also the Interior Minister of Hamas indicates that the historical facts which I present are true. From his explanation, it is understandable that was made a deception of identity theft.

    • “Jerusalem Mosque of Omar [a confiscated synagogue that had been converted into a mosque)” was the original (and mistaken) title written by by Felix Bonfils himself ca. 1870.
      The article doesn’t claim that the Dome of the rock was a Jewish Synagogue, – it’s clearly written: “The picture shows the Dome of the Rock that is also called the Mosque of Omar. It was built in 691 AD by the Khalif Abd El Malik on the rocky top of Mount Moriah about 600 years after the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple.
      The picture shows the Dome of the Rock that is also called the Mosque of Omar. It was built in 691 AD by the Khalif Abd El Malik on the rocky top of Mount Moriah about 600 years after the Romans destroyed the Jewish temple.”

    • A synagogue is Jewish.

      The Dome of the Rock is not a Synagogue,. The mosque is built on top of one. Muslims always build on top of places of worship of other religions so they can claim they were there first.

      • You are absolutely correct. The Aksa Mosque is hundreds of feet away on the southern edge of the platform, formerly a Byzantine church named St Mary and Justinian.

        The domw was built by Kaliph Abd el Malik who was a Shia in opposition to the Mecca Arabs who had their own Sunni Kaliph. It was a meeting place with archways in each of the four sides. Malik eventually captured \mecca and became the only Kaliph. The sute was that of the original Jewish Temples of Solomon, Ezra on the return from Babylon, and Herod.which was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70.

        Everybody thinks that this Dome which is always centred in photos, is thre Aksa mosque but IT IS NOT. and isstill not a mosque. Mostly a tourist photo scene nowadays. I’ve been all through it. The rock is in the centre sticking up through the pavement about 5 ft. pretty much eroded like old lava rock, like cinder rock. ,

  4. This is pure manipulation of history; while history is often written from the perspective of the savage occupiers as in this case, the good thing is truth always reveals is self and victory and freedom for the amazing people of Palestine is just a short distance away!! You keep up your lies…but not for long….

    • How can they even call themselves Palestinians, there is no letter “P” in the Arabic language. There is no mention of Palestinians in either Bible, the Quran or anywhere in history. Even the Quran says Israel belongs to the Jews. For those who believe the propaganda that Jews stole the land from the Palestinians, here is a little history lesson: There never existed an Arab Palestinian nation or a country, indeed, no mention of the “Palestinian” Arab people in any history book written before 1966. Arabs from neighbouring countries started immigrating into Palestine in the late 19th century to take advantage of the infrastructure and jobs created by the newly invigorated Jewish people. They came in great numbers seeking a better life than in their Arab lands. During these years the Arabs dwelling in Israel were simply “Arabs” and, when the term “Palestinian” was used, it always referred to the Jews!
      The “Palestinian people” were invented in the 1960s by Yasser Arafat. The Arabs residing in Israel began to pass themselves off as the ancient native peoples of this land (Jordan invented the name, “The West Bank.” Today they even claim that Jesus was a Palestinian prophet and that the Jews never lived in this land. They have developed this pseudo-history to dupe the world into believing that their racist terror campaign against the Jews is a national liberation struggle!

      • They call themselves Falestini, the Arabic name of Palestine, Filastin, is dated as early as 7th century, English is not their mother tongue 🙂

        How jews can even call themselves jews there is no letter “J” in the hebrew language.

  5. This is the biggest lie ive ever heard coming from someone who never stepped foot there, Or seen the Anceint homes of the Palestinian people. my family speaks Arabic but the oldest name of our tribe is Aramaic proving were not from other nations. We weren’t always arab or Muslim. We just converted over the century’s and arabic gradually replaced the language of Aramaic. In my village we have a church that belongs to my ancestors and it is about 2,000 years old. 80 percent were once Jewish, then converted to Christianity, and then in the 7th centurie some converted to islam. We’ve been here from the beginning and were not going anywhere.

    • You do realize that Aramaic was mostly spoken in Syria, not Israel, right?

      In pretty much every scripture or archaeological finding it literally says that only the higher classes of Jews spoke Aramaic because it was used as trade language between different nations around the area during the rise of the Assyrians whom conquered it, but was commonly spoken in the area that is now modern Syria and western parts of Iraq (the maincore of the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires).

      If your family name is in Aramaic you most likely are a descendant of people who used to live in there (Assyrians, perhaps Babylonians if you are indeed from Iraq).

      Interesting history really, if you are curious about it you can read more about the Arameans in wikipedia which has a great article about it.

    • Well, from my family history in Hebron, we know there were forcible conversions, and conversions due to oppression, as well as voluntary conversions to both Christianity and Islam. What is sad is that your family became the Colonizer, and lost who you were. Along with the heritage that was your Ancestor’s birthright. But you are not them. You are now part of a heritage that stole your heritage. But they succeeded. You are no longer us. The only “Palestinians” were the Roman Christians. The identity was revived to be used starting in the 1960’s as a weapon to destroy the Jewish State, Israel-while the “Arab Palestine” became a Feudal Fiefdom of the Hashemites. But now the die is cast, you are “Arabs”, and in Israel, that means being ruled by Jews.

    • No one is saying that none are related. Of course there are instances. The issue is that the Ottoman Empire had wrecked the economy and plundered the region that emigration from the region had left Palestine desolate in the 19th Century. The reports by early observers, despite claims of religious bias, were clearly and indictment against the Ottoman Empire for the state of Palestine and its desolation. https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LH18800610.2.11

      Note the description by Major Condor in 1884 of how ruined the region had become, the resulting decrease of population, and how he holds poor government (Ottoman) responsible:

      “What we do learn from a study of the land and of history is the desolation wrought by human means in Palestine. We find everywhere the copse covering the winds press, the thistles growing among the old field in closures, the terraces in ruins, the old vineyard deserted, the olive yards exterminated, and many of the ancient woods entirely cut down. The forests which existed in the times of Titus and of the Crusaders are often entirely destroyed, and the fine old woods are represented by acres of stumps and roots; the great Antonine cities beyond Jordan stand in a wilderness of ruined villages, over which the Arab wanders with his herds of camels. In brief, we see that poverty and decrease of population, the decay of roads and aqueducts, the ruin of the old cisterns, the destruction of the woods, terraces, and vineyards are the causes of the present desolation. This has often been pointed out, and experience proves that, given a just and strong government in the country, Palestine might become, like Southern Italy, a garden of the world.”

      THE SURVEY OF PALESTINE. (1884, Dec 14). New York Times (1857-1922) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxylocal.library.nova.edu/docview/94243115?accountid=6579

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  8. Errr….there was no British Madate Palestine at the time these pictures were made. Britain didn’t get involved until 1917. In the 1800s this land was still part of the (Muslim) Ottomon Empire.

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    • Her Hes, go to hell ! We have archeological proofs, genelogical proofs, books written by travelers, historians, etc. You have nothing but your hatred !

  11. That is interesting that you take photos of landscapes and you claim “See there are No Palestinians, where are they”. How Israelis and zionist always manipulate information to suit their needs.

    If there were no Palestinians then what are all these buildings for, who lives in them? And how did the White European Jews who came into Palestine illegally commit massacres like Dier Yassin and many others against Palestinians, this was all written about and admitted to by Rabin and Begen….who did they kill then if there were no people/Palestinians in the land??

    This is more fabrication to justify your crimes against humanity/Genocide of the Palestinians.

    • Even old official documents, which are proofs, you tell they are manipulated…. Don’t you feel bit stupid, don’t you think YOU have been fooled ? What you pretend Rabin and Begin (you don’t even know how to write the name correctly !) come from the same source than the one who pretend Jews slaughtered so called “Palestinians”. Rabin and Begin never told the things you tell they told. Someone uses you and is laughing at you, and you are the only one who does not see it.

      Where are the “Palestinians” ? Good question… The Palestinians are those you fight ! The Palestinian has always been Jews. The Arabs who called themselves later “palestinians” wheren’t even there for most of them. Open books, dictionnaries, encyclopedias, instruct yourself, and you’ll learn the terrible truth : who manipulates you and why (no, that’s not the Jews !)

      • The Arabs coming fron Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, called themselves in 1965, following the national speech of Yasser Arafat

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  14. I love this article with the photographs .
    I think it is very important to have the full picture of the land of Israel around 1860. You have to correct the passage you write about the Stephanus story .
    It was recorded in the scriptures he was stoned , and the first one recorded , but
    that took place in the 20ties-30ties of the first centure CE, a few days after the death of Jesus during Pesach , after the Omer count holiday , around /june the same year

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  16. The LIES of Allah who in reality is Satan!
    The Islamists have done this to Israel and are also doing the exact same thing to other nations of the world by their forced mass exodus or invasions accompanied by violence,intimidations and population explosions and outright LIES!!!

  17. “1800’s British Mandate of Palestine “???

    With respect: there was no such thing as a British Mandate of Palestine in the 1800’s!!!

    The British Mandate Period started after the end of World War 1 in 1918.

    Before that it was the Ottoman Turks who governed this area since the end of the Middle Ages…

  18. They say it’s all because of the occupation. really?
    Let’s examine who is the occupier. Do you know who are the Palestinians?
    More than 10 years ago I made a short presentation on two UN organizations dealing with refugees. UNHCR organization caring for refugees from around the world. And UNRWA organization who cares for Arab refugees who fought against the Jewish state – Israel.

    Here is also a page of the changes made to UNRWA’s refugee definition in recent years after I published the presentation. Today you will not find on the site of the organization the whole definition at all.
    http://www.art-gallery-yona.net/Refugees-Definition.html
    Out of the work on the presentation I learned that the UN through UNRWA, which is used as an arm of the United Nations, promotes violence, is a factor for not resolving the conflict and transmits and stores actual war material against Israel.
    Is this not a crime against humanity?
    Without UNRWA, there would not exist “Palestinian refugees.”
    Without UNRWA, there would not be the requirement of the “right of return”.
    Without UNRWA, all the refugees in the world would receive the same conditions and the same treatment.
    Without UNRWA, there would not exist in the eternal warfare between Israel and the Arabs of Israel.
    UNRWA is an organization that had to be closed 66 years ago. So why is it still exists? Who and why prevents the closing of this criminal organization?
    Alan Dershowitz at Durban Conference

    What does the UN teach Palestinian children at UNRWA schools?

    Let’s talk about occupation.
    Because what is happening now in Israel will happen in your countries. Therefore, you should know about that.
    Everyone who talks about the oppression of the Palestinians. Some historical information would not hurt.
    The Arabs are Not Palestinians! The real Palestinians are Not of Arab origin.
    Do you know who are those who stole the Palestinian identity?
    Do you know that the largest mosque in Gaza was a synagogue less than a hundred years ago? Did you know that a hundred and fifty years ago, most of Gaza’s population was Jews and Christians? The Jewish population in Gaza ended with the pogrom of 1928. The last Christian Priest murdered three years after Hamas came to power. And recently, Christians in Gaza are forced to convert to Islam. Just like ISIS do it anywhere which they occupy.
    Please read this short article and visit all the links to get more information..
    http://www.art-gallery-yona.net/demogra-eng.html

    And this article written by Ben-Dror Yemini: Nakba Day and the Fraud
    http://www.mideasttruth.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=9798

    And also the Interior Minister of Hamas indicates that the historical facts which I present are true. From his explanation, it is understandable that was made a deception of identity theft.

  19. You make one fundamental error: There was no “1800’s British Mandate of Palestine.” It was the Ottoman Empire until 1917. Best to get your facts straight before presenting your case to the world, otherwise your opinion won’t matter.

  20. The British Mandate that existed was in the 1900’s. In the 1800’s Palestine was ruled by the Ottoman Empire and, for a time, Egypt. But the British helped the Ottomans oust Egypt, and the British gained privileges in the area, as explained by Wikipedia: “Britain sent the navy to shell Beirut and an Anglo-Ottoman expeditionary force landed, causing local uprisings against the Egyptian occupiers. A British naval squadron anchored off Alexandria. The Egyptian army retreated to Egypt. Muhammad Ali signed the Treaty of 1841. Britain returned control of the Levant to the Ottomans, and as a result was able to increase the extraterritorial rights that various European nations had enjoyed throughout previous centuries under the terms of the Capitulations of the Ottoman Empire. One American diplomat wrote that “Extraordinary privileges and immunities had become so embodied in successive treaties between the great Christian Powers and the Sublime Porte that for most intents and purposes many nationalities in the Ottoman empire formed a state within the state.”[261]

    Restoration of Ottoman control
    In common usage from 1840 onward, “Palestine” was used either to describe the consular jurisdictions of the Western powers[262] or for a region that extended in the north–south direction typically from Rafah (south-east of Gaza) to the Litani River (now in Lebanon). The western boundary was the sea, and the eastern boundary was the poorly defined place where the Syrian desert began. In various European sources, the eastern boundary was placed anywhere from the Jordan River to slightly east of Amman. The Negev Desert was not included.[263] The Consuls were originally magistrates who tried cases involving their own citizens in foreign territories. While the jurisdictions in the secular states of Europe had become territorial, the Ottomans perpetuated the legal system they inherited from the Byzantine Empire. The law in many matters was personal, not territorial, and the individual citizen carried his nation’s law with him wherever he went.[264] Capitulatory law applied to foreigners in Palestine. Only Consular Courts of the State of the foreigners concerned were competent to try them. That was true, not only in cases involving personal status, but also in criminal and commercial matters.[265] According to American Ambassador Morgenthau, Turkey had never been an independent sovereignty.[266] The Western Powers had their own courts, marshals, colonies, schools, postal systems, religious institutions, and prisons. The Consuls also extended protections to large communities of Jewish protégés who had settled in Palestine.[267]

    The Muslim, Christian, and Jewish communities of Palestine were allowed to exercise jurisdiction over their own members according to charters granted to them. For centuries the Jews and Christians had enjoyed a large degree of communal autonomy in matters of worship, jurisdiction over personal status, taxes, and in managing their schools and charitable institutions. In the 19th century those rights were formally recognized as part of the Tanzimat reforms and when the communities were placed under the protection of European public law.[268][269]

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